Garrone, Gabriel Marie



Garrone, Gabriel Marie

Given name

Gabriel Marie

Family name


One-line bio

Cardinal Gabriel-Marie Garrone was an important promoter of Specialised Catholic Action as a seminary professor and later as archbishop of Toulouse and at Vatican II.


Born in Aix-les-Bains on 12 October 1901, Cardinal Gabriel-Marie Garrone studied at the University of Grenoble before entering the seminary where he studied at the Gregorian University in Rome.

He was ordained on 11 April 1925 for the Diocese of Chambéry where he began teaching in the Major Seminary soon after.

He was mobilised during World War II, captured and remained a prisoner until 1945 when he returned to the Major Seminary.

He was ordained coadjutor archbishop of Toulouse in 1947 and finally succeeded Archbishop Saliège in 1956.

In 1958 he published the short book L'action catholique, son histoire, sa doctrine, son panorama, son destin in response to an article by Bishop LJ Suenens of Malines-Brussels, questioning the notion of Catholic Action. He also published a number of articles in the journal Masses ouvrières.

He was vice-president of the Bishops Conference of France from 1964-66.

Archbishop Garrone played a major role at Vatican II, particularly in the preparation of Gaudium et Spes.

In 1966, Pope Paul VI called him to Rome to head the Congregation for Seminaries and Universities, and later the Congregation for Catholic Education.

He was made a cardinal in 1967 and died in 1994.


Country of origin

Birth date

October 12, 1901

Birth place


Death date

January 15, 1994